Among the objectives of the initial vocational training there is the preparation of the students for the activity in a professional field in order to contribute to their personal development and meet the needs of qualification in the productive sectors of goods and services. In the context of the economic crisis of these years, the countries of the European Union are pursuing numerous actions through vocational training in alternation regime, in order to promote measures to solve the serious youth unemployment issues and to promote professional qualification and specialisation of young people combining teaching-learning process in the training centre with learning and working in the company.


The purpose of the programme is to enable young people to obtain a Vocational Training qualification through a learning process that develops shared basis between the training centre and the company.
Develop complementary skills (teamwork, responsibility) apart from those taught at the training centre. Discover the daily running of the company and acquire knowledge, skills and abilities needed to practise a profession and meet the specific needs of the company (specialisations). Minimise the mismatch between the skills acquired in the vocational training centre and those required in the labour market.
Try to find solutions to get young people closer and integrated into the labour market. Anticipating the entry of young people into the labour market, improving employment rates and helping to visualise the connection between training and employment closer.
To achieve a better match between supply and demand in the labour market, allowing young people to have financial resources while they acquire professional qualifications and proven work experience.
To allow an approach between the training centre and the companies, promoting a renewal of content and teaching methods.


Dual training programmes in alternation regime are based on the type of contract for training and learning at the same time. Generally, the projects include a first stage of the training course in the training centre and a second training course in alternation regime between the centre and the company. It will be possible to submit projects that include longer duration for the alternation period. They may consider including training aspects of specialisation required by the companies or specific productive sectors. These projects exceeding one year of alternation period duration shall comply with the models established and authorized by the Deputy Ministry of Vocational Training.


The Dual Vocational Training programme in alternation regimen is aimed at public and private schools of the Basque Country that have young people enrolled in a Vocational Training course and that enable students to perform their learning in alternation regime between the centre and the company.

Dual vocational training with alternation regime will be developed through the involvement of training centres and companies, regarding the possibility that companies may provide the training centres with spaces, facilities or experts to teach full or a part of certain professional or training modules.

In the training centre, the activity will be taught by teachers belonging to specialties or qualifications set out in the relevant regulations. The company may provide spaces, facilities and expert personnel to carry out this training.

The work done by the students in the company must be closely related to the professional profile of the training course and specializations scheduled, so that in addition to obtaining a productive result, these achievements in the company enable learning and ultimately , the acquisition of skills inherent to the qualification, the specialisation itself and others with personal and social nature.
The duration of the training carried out at the centre must comply with at least the hours assigned to each module in the corresponding Royal Decree and may not exceed the number of fixed hours for each module in the Decree that establishes the curriculum in the Basque Country.

Students participating in a programme based on the contract for training and learning will be wholly or partly exonerated form the Training in Centre and Company Module. For the full exemption, the duration of the contract must be of at least 800 hours. The Project Module, if any, can take place in the context of the work in the company.